住宅の地震対策に係る居住者の実施意欲に関する研究 - インドネシア, ネパール, パキスタン, トルコ, フィリピン, フィジー, 日本の比較 - [in Japanese] STUDY ON WILLINGNESS OF THE RESIDENTS IN SEISMIC RETROFITTING OF THE HOUSE - Comparison among Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan, Turkey, The Philippines, Fiji, and Japan - [in Japanese]
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Transactions of AIJ. Journal of architecture, planning and environmental engineeringIn order to reduce the damage caused by earthquakes, it is crucial to convince people that the investment in safer housing will eventually prove to be worthwhile. As the choice regarding housing safety is made based on people's earthquake risk perception, we conducted a field survey in Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan in 2007, and Turkey, Philippines, Fiji, and Japan in 2008, to better understand the seismic risk perception of residents concerning housing safety and willingness to retrofit their houses, using a similar questionnaire. The survey targeted approximately 800 households in each country. We examined the comparison of the differences in people's earthquake risk perception. The excerpt of the findings shows that, in Indonesia, Nepal, Turkey and Japan, people rely more on engineers in disaster risk management and earthquake safety measures, while in Pakistan, people rely more on masons or governments, and people rely more on their family and friends in Fiji and Philippine. Another finding shows that in Indonesia and Pakistan, people are ready to pay more to protect their house property, while people are ready to pay more to protect their family in Nepal, Turkey and Japan. Thus, the result will help the stakeholders to develop disaster risk management policies and initiatives that would fit into people's risk perception, which is different from country to country, from community to community.
日本建築学会計画系論文集 76(667), 1593-1600, 2011-09