A potential function for neuronal exosomes : Sequestering intracerebral amyloid-beta peptide
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Elevated amyloid-beta peptide (A beta) in brain contributes to Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. We demonstrated the presence of exosome-associated A beta in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of cynomolgus monkeys and APP transgenic mice. The levels of exosome-associated A beta notably decreased in the CSF of aging animals. We also determined that neuronal exosomes, but not glial exosomes, had abundant glycosphingolipids and could capture A beta. Infusion of neuronal exosomes into brains of APP transgenic mice decreased A beta and amyloid depositions, similarly to what reported previously on neuroblastoma-derived exosomes. These findings highlight the role of neuronal exosomes in A beta clearance, and suggest that their downregulation might relate to Ab accumulation and, ultimately, the development of AD pathology. (C) 2014 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- FEBS letters
FEBS letters 589(1), 84-88, 2015-01-02