反義関係に基づいた尺度的形容詞と名詞の共起傾向の分析 : 国会会議録のデータから [in Japanese] An Analysis of Co-occurrence Patterns between Nouns and Scalar Adjectives with Reference to Antony Relations : A Study Based on the Minutes of the National Diet of Japan [in Japanese]
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This paper, along with three preceding papers by the author (Hattori 2011b, 2012b, 2012d), presents an exploratory study of a corpus comprising the minutes of the National Diet of Japan on the co-occurrence patterns between nouns with an underlying gradable scale and basic scalar adjectives such as takai/hikui 'high/low,' ookii/tiisai 'large/small,' tuyoi/yowai 'strong/weak,' ooi/sukunai 'many/few,' koi/usui 'dense/thick,' omoi/karui 'heavy/light,' and fukai/asai 'deep/shallow,' which in the sense of Cruse (1986), constitute ""polar antonym"" pairs. The study focused on a frequency comparison of the members of each antonym pair (i.e., each supra/sub term) and analyzed the frequency distribution from three viewpoints. These analyses led to three major findings.First, for all the antonym pairs except koi/usui, the bulk of the nouns appear more frequently in collocation with the supra term than with the sub term. Second, for many nouns, the antonym pairs ookii/tiisai, ooi/sukunai, and koi/usui show co-occurrence patterns significantly different from those of other pairs that have quasi-synonymous meanings in the collocates in question. Specifically, the supra term is used with higher frequency in the ookii/tiisai pair, and the sub term with higher frequency in the ooi/sukunai and koi/usui pairs. Third, from a diachronic viewpoint, many nouns show increased collocational frequency over time with the supra term in the takai/hikui pair. Further, many nouns show decreased collocational frequency over time with the sub terms in the ooi/sukunai and ookii/tiisai pairs.
総合文化研究所紀要 30, 104-120, 2013