神殿供犠から啓示法へ : 一神教の歴史におけるラビ・ユダヤ教の意義 From the Temple Sacrifices to the Divine Law : The Significance of Rabbinic Judaism in the History of Monotheistic Religions

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抄録

Palestine of the post Second Temple era witnessed the emerging transformation of modes of Jewish religious consciousness. With the destruction of the Second Temple of Jerusalem by the Romans in 70 C.E., Judaism, whose form of worship revolved around the Temple sacrificial cult during the Second Temple period, underwent a significant development in the orientation of the divine law, the Halakhah. This historical development eventually served as a forerunner of the divine law of the Islamic religion, Sharia. In contrast, the Roman Empire did not develop divine law as a major mode of its religiosity, despite abolishing animal sacrifice as a primary form of worship with the acceptance of Christianity as its State religion. In this paper, I examine the significance and meaning of the Jewish divine law, the Halakhah in the context of the history of monotheistic religions. It does not mean, however, that Rabbinic Judaism rendered obsolete the concept of the Temple sacrificial cult or deemed it an insignificant form of Jewish worship and practice. The Sages, on the contrary, strived to give theological explanations for the lack of the Temple sacrifices. By paying special attention to the concept of the deeds of loving-kindness and prayer as substitution for the Temple sacrifices, I show how divine law served as a means by which Jews could engage with the sacred in their religious consciousness.論文/Articles

収録刊行物

  • 東京大学宗教学年報

    東京大学宗教学年報 (32), 1-19, 2014

    東京大学文学部宗教学研究室

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    120005651998
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AN10032645
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • 雑誌種別
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0289-6400
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    026781352
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z9-667
  • データ提供元
    NDL  IR 
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