祭祀を続けるために : 沖縄の祖先祭祀における代行者と禁忌の容認 [in Japanese] To Continue the Folk Ritual : Entrusting to Substitute and Acceptance of Taboo in Ancestral Rituals in Okinawa [in Japanese]
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This paper considers the example of ancestral rituals in Okinawa about the sustainable alternative to continue the folk ritual. When some folk ritual can't be continued as norms for several difficulties, people may discuss interruption of this ritual. But people would hesitate to stop hereditary and ancestral rituals. Especially, if the ritual is considered an obligation, many people will demand to continue as customary. In such cases people have to consider how to continue the ritual, for example, endure difficult to perform as normative as possible, or consider alternatives out, or try to simplify. For adoption of alternative or simplification, explanations that can justify the new ways, and that can be satisfied most people are indispensable; besides, in case of ancestral ritual, have to be satisfied ancestors, too. In Okinawa, when no relative proper for the succession, or when some succession correspond to the taboo, ancestral rituals can't continue. In such cases, as a last resort, entrusting rituals to substitute or acceptance of taboo can solve improper situation for the present. But people of Okinawa hope normative ancestral ritual, so they are not easily convinced.
現代民俗学研究 -(4), 9-24, 2012
The Society of Living Folklore