植民地期カンボジアにおける大臣の称号・職名 : 大臣会議の構成員を規定する王令を中心に [in Japanese] Honorary titles and job titles of Ministers in French colonial Cambodia : A study based on the Royal Ordinances regulating membership of the Council of Ministers [in Japanese]
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This paper tries to organize honorary titles and job titles of ministers in French Colonial Cambodia according to provisions of a series of the Royal Ordinances (les Ordonnances Royales) that prescribed the composition of the Council of Ministers (le Conseil des Ministres). The Council of Ministers was the most important organization in colonial politics. It exercised the executive power, served as a legislative body by drafting Royal Ordinances and proposing the King to promulgate them, and was also the supreme court before the court of cassation (le Cour de Cassation) was established in 1911. The Council, which consisted of five ministers and was presided over by the French Resident Superior (le Résident supérieur), was re-organized and provided legal basis by the Royal Ordinance No. 54 dated July 11, 1897. The Ordinance referred to the ministers not by their job titles such as the Minister of Interior and Religion, but by their honorary titles like "Akha Moha Sena", except for the Minister of Justice mentioned in article 6. It was the Royal Ordinance No. 33 dated July 3, 1905 that provided for membership of the Council by use of job titles at the first time. The Royal Ordinances No. 28 dated February 20, 1912 and No. 112 dated December 31, 1926 revised the former ordinance, and job titles were changed in association with them. Through this study, we can recognize the connection between honorary titles and job titles of ministers and the variation of job titles from 1897 to 1940.
- Nagoya University Asian Law Bulletin
Nagoya University Asian Law Bulletin (1), 58-68, 2016-06-01