カンボジアの初等教育問題と日本の国際協力 [in Japanese] Problems of the Cambodian Elementary Course and Japanese International Cooperation [in Japanese]
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We clarify the present situations and some problems of the Cambodian elementary course and examine Japanese international cooperation for Cambodian elementary schools in this paper. The contents of this paper are summarized as follows. First, the current situations (2010/2011 year) of the Cambodian elementary course are; the net school enrollment is low (95.2 %), the survival rate is very low (61%), and the literacy rate of youth (15-24 years old) is very low (88 %) too by comparison with other Asian countries. There are some causes in such poor situations. We point out five problems in the Cambodian elementary course: poor school buildings and institutions, poor grade of teachers, poor curriculum, poor contents of textbooks and poor pupil's homes. Second, we explain the following characteristics of Japanese international cooperation for the Cambodian elementary course. Japanese international projects (about 90%) for the elementary course supported by the Official Development Assistance (ODA) are involved in school institutions such as constructions of school buildings. Activities of Japanese NGOs cooperated with the ODA are connected with the support projects such as school institutions and education service programs. On the other hand, for activities of NGOs not cooperated with the ODA all NGOs engage in education service programs and some NGOs support poor pupil's home that no NGO cooperated with the ODA gets into. Future problems of Japanese international cooperation for the Cambodian elementary course are the following points. For the time being, it is important that we support for sufficiency of the school institutions and educational environment to cancel lack of school buildings, classrooms and textbooks. On that basis it is necessary to extend our supports for solving problems such as poor grade of teachers and poor pupil's home.
- 'Αγορα : Journal of International Center for Regional Studies
'Αγορα : Journal of International Center for Regional Studies (12), 1-23, 2015