バスケットボールにおける即興的な攻撃戦術に関する質的研究 : 国際レベルで活躍したプレイヤーの語りを手がかりに [in Japanese] Qualitative study on improvisational freelance offense in basketball: based on the narratives of player who excelled at the international level [in Japanese]
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Abstract The purpose of this study was to gain practical insights regarding the characteristics of an improvisational offensive tactic termed "freelance" in basketball that was adopted by a top coach in Japan from the point of view of a player. To accomplish this, an interview was conducted with a player who played in the WNBA and Atlanta Olympic Games. Using qualitative methodology, the interview was analyzed and the following points were identified. １．There are 2 types of freelance used in basketball. In one type words are decided for each player. In another type group tactics are shared in 3on3 and 2on2 situations. More communication is required for the latter type. ２．At the Olympic Games in Atlanta, establishment of rules that started a fast break offense and set offense was effective. Restriction conditions in the offensive start phase had 2 types, that when a point guard starts the play and when another player starts the play. In some cases, group tactics are set to the restriction condition as soon as the offensive play has started. When the offense is no longer able to function effectively, had a breakthrough aspects by either starting from the individual tactics players specified, using the pattern offense. These findings were obtained from an interview with a single player who played at the international level. In the future, it will be necessary to interview additional players in order to elucidate training methods for the freelance method.
健康運動科学 3(1), 33-43, 2012-12-25