Outcome of Radiation Monotherapy for High-risk Patients with Stage I Esophageal Cancer
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Currently, chemoradiation is the most widely used nonsurgical treatment for esophageal cancer. However, some patients, particularly the very elderly or those with severe vital organ dysfunction, face difficulty with the chemotherapy component. We therefore examined the outcome of radiation therapy (RT) alone for patients with esophageal cancer at our facility. Between January 2005 and December 2014, 84 patients underwent RT at our hospital, and 78 of these patients received concomitant chemotherapy. The remaining 6 patients underwent RT alone; these patients were considered to be high-risk and to have no lymph node metastasis (stage I). Five of them received irradiation up to a curative dose: 4 showed a complete response (CR) and 1 showed a partial response (PR). Of the patients exhibiting CR, 3 are currently living recurrence-free, whereas 1 patient underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) as salvage therapy for local recurrence, with no subsequent recurrence. High-risk stage I esophageal cancer patients can be treated radically with RT alone under certain conditions. In the future, to broaden the indications for RT monotherapy to include some degree of advanced cancers, a novel concurrent therapy should be identified.
- Acta Medica Okayama
Acta Medica Okayama 71(2), 127-133, 2017-04
Okayama University Medical School