T cell function is dispensable for intracranial aneurysm formation and progression
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Given the social importance of intracranial aneurysm as a major cause of a lethal subarachnoid hemorrhage, clarification of mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of this disease is essential for improving poor prognosis once after rupture. Previous histopathological analyses of human aneurysm walls have revealed the presence of T cells in lesions suggesting involvement of this type of cell in the pathogenesis. However, it remains unclear whether T cell actively participates in intracranial aneurysm progression. To examine whether T cell is involved in aneurysm progression, intracranial aneurysm model of rat was used. In this model, aneurysm is induced by increase in hemodynamic force loaded on bifurcation site of intracranial arteries where aneurysms are developed. Deficiency in T cells and pharmacological inhibition of T cell function were applied to this model. CD3-positive T cells were present in human aneurysm walls, whose number was significantly larger compared with that in control arterial walls. Deficiency in T cells in rats and pharmacological inhibition of T cell function by oral administration of Cyclosporine A both failed to affect intracranial aneurysm progression, degenerative changes of arterial walls and macrophage infiltration in lesions. Although T cells are detectable in intracranial aneurysm walls, their function is dispensable for macrophage-mediated inflammation and degenerative changes in arterial walls, which presumably leads to intracranial aneurysm progression.
- PLOS ONE
PLOS ONE 12(4), 2017-04-24
Public Library of Science (PLoS)