Stress buildup and drop in inland shallow crust caused by the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake events
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東北地方太平洋沖地震前後で地殻に加わった力の増減と余震との相関を実測で解明 --地下数百mでも地震すべり破壊挙動の理解は可能--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2017-09-07.
To examine the change in stress between before and after the Tohoku-oki Mw9.0 earthquake, we performed stress measurements after the earthquake in the Kamaishi mine in Iwate prefecture in northern Japan, located near the northern termination of the mainshock rupture, following previous measurements before the earthquake in the same mine. The results showed that the magnitudes of the three-dimensional principal stresses and the vertical stress drastically increased after the mainshock and, at 1 year after the earthquake, were more than double those before the earthquake. The principal stress magnitudes then decreased with time and returned to almost pre-earthquake levels at about 3 years after the earthquake. These changes can be interpreted in terms of coseismic rupture of the mainshock and the occurrence of aftershocks in the Sanriku-oki low-seismicity region (SLSR), where the Kamaishi mine is located. The drastic increase in stress suggests that the SLSR may act as a barrier to further rupture propagation.
- Scientific Reports
Scientific Reports (7), 2017-08-31