キャリア発達における将来目標の役割 : 生活満足度，学習動機づけ，向社会的行動との関連から [in Japanese] The role of aspirations on career development : Relationships to life satisfaction，academic motivation，and prosocial behaviors [in Japanese]
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The present study develops an Aspirations Index for Children based on self-determination theory and elucidates the role of aspirations. A total of 1, 398 junior-high school students in the 7th to 9th grades participated in a questionnaire survey in Studies 1 and 2. The results of exploratory factor analysis reveal that the Aspirations Index consists of two aspirations: namely, intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations. As theoretically hypothesized, confirmatory factor analysis supports both seven sub-categories within the aspirations and a higher-order model. The results of correlation analysis indicate that, compared to extrinsic aspirations, intrinsic aspirations are positively correlated with life satisfaction, autonomous motivation for academic activities, and prosocial behaviors. In addition, we find that extrinsic aspirations are higher for boys than for girls. Finally, we discuss future directions and the benefits of using the Aspirations Index for Children for career education.
筑波大学心理学研究 (53), 81-89, 2017-02-28