Expressions of lipoprotein receptors and cholesterol efflux regulatory proteins during luteolysis in bovine corpus luteum
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The corpus luteum (CL) synthesises and secretes progesterone (P4), which is essential for the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy in mammals. P4 is synthesised from cholesterol. Cholesterol is internalised by low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and/or scavenger receptor B1 (SR-BI), and is effluxed by ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter A1 (ABCA1) and G1 (ABCG1). To test the hypothesis that lipoprotein receptors and ABC transporters are involved in functional luteolysis, we examined the expression of LDLR, SR-BI, ABCA1 and ABCG1 in bovine CL during the luteal stages and after injection of prostaglandin (PG) F2α on Day 10 after ovulation. Expression of LDLR and SR-BI mRNA and protein was lower in the regressed luteal than late luteal stage. Injection of cows with a PGF2α did not affect LDLR mRNA and protein levels in the CL. Although expression of SR-BI mRNA did not change, SR-BI protein expression decreased 12 and 24 h after PGF2α injection. The overall findings of the present study suggest that the decreased expression of SR-BI induced by PGF2α is one of the factors responsible for the continuous decrease in P4 production during functional luteolysis.
- Reproduction, Fertility and Development
Reproduction, Fertility and Development 29(7), 1280-1286, 2016-05-17