A newborn case with carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency initially judged as unaffected by acylcarnitine analysis soon after birth
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Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT-2) deficiency, an autosomal recessive disorder of fatty acid oxidation, can be detected by newborn screening using tandem mass spectrometry (TMS). Our case was a boy born at 38 weeks and 6 days of gestation via normal vaginal delivery; his elder sister was affected with CPT-2 deficiency. Acylcarnitine (AC) was analyzed in both dried blood spots (DBS) and serum 2 h after birth to determine whether the boy was also affected. His C16 and C18:1 AC levels in DBS were in the normal range, while his serum long-chain AC levels were marginally increased but lower than those of his sister. After the samples were taken, he was treated with glucose infusion to prevent any catabolism for 2 days. On day 4, the long-chain AC levels in both DBS and serum obtained were higher than those on day 0 and were equivalent to those of his sister. Genetic testing confirmed the presence of the same mutation found in his sister, a homozygous F383Y mutation in the CPT2 gene, thus leading to the diagnosis of CPT-2 deficiency. The sample for TMS should be taken between days 1 and 7. If the sample is not obtained at an appropriate time, correct diagnosis may not be made, as in our case. Although early diagnosis is required, samples taken within 24 h after birth should not be used for TMS.
- Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports (11), 59-61, 2017-06