Preparation of new superconductors by metal doping of two-dimensional layered materials using ethylenediamine
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We have studied new superconductors prepared by metal doping of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials, FeSe and FeSe0.5Te0.5, using ethylenediamine (EDA). The superconducting transition temperatures (T(c)s) of metal-doped FeSe and metal-doped FeSe0.5Te0.5, i.e., (EDA)(y)MxFeSe and (EDA)(y)MxFeSe0.5Te0.5 (M: Li, Na, and K), were 31-45 K and 19-25 K, respectively. The stoichiometry of each sample was clarified by energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, and the x-ray powder diffraction pattern indicated a large expansion of lattice constant c, indicating the cointercalation of metal atoms and EDA. The pressure dependence of superconductivity in (EDA)(y)NaxFeSe0.5Te0.5 has been investigated at a pressure of 0-0.8GPa, showing negative pressure dependence in the same manner as (NH3)(y)NaxFeSe0.5Te0.5. The T-c-c phase diagrams of MxFeSe and MxFeSe0.5Te0.5 were drawn afresh from the T-c and c of (EDA)(y)MxFeSe and (EDA)(y)MxFeSe0.5Te0.5, showing that the T-c increases with increasing c but that extreme expansion of c reverses the T-c trend.
- Physical Review B
Physical Review B 96(1), 014502, 2017-07
American Physical Society