健常児と自閉症児の実行機能の発達--次元の異なるカード分類課題による検討 [in Japanese] Study of the development of executive functions in normal and autistic children: analysis using the dimensional change card sort tasks [in Japanese]
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In this study, in order to clarify development of the executive functions of healthy and autistic children, the Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS) task was applied to the 3-to 5-year-old healthy children, and the autistic children of 4 to 6 years of chronological age and 3 to 6 years of mental age as well. The useful results were obtained. From the results it was showed that healthy children's executive function progress from age 3 years to 5 years of age, and the development of autistic children's executive function depend on chronological age rather than a mental age. On the other hand, it was observed that some autistic children have difficulty on sorting by color, and there are deviations between some oral answers and actual sorting actions which imply the underdeveloped integration between the actual action and representation. Furthermore. it was found that there is more significant individual difference in score in the autistic children group compared to the healthy one, and this need to be studied further.
- Journal of Saitama University Faculty of Education
Journal of Saitama University Faculty of Education 56(1), 109-118, 2007
Faculty of Education, Saitama University