In situ thermal excursions detected in the Nankai Trough forearc slope sediment at IODP NanTroSEIZE Site C0008
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At Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Site C0008 in the Nankai Trough slope sediment, we discovered in situ temperature anomalies at 80 to 160 m below the seafloor, where pore fluid Cl and δ 18O excursions were identified and interpreted as pore fluid refreshing due to hydrate dissociation. The volume fraction of hydrates is estimated to be approximately 3% and approximately 40% maximum at Holes C0008A and C0008C, respectively. In the vicinity of these anomalies, we discovered negative and positive temperature excursions of up to 1 K measured in situ using the Advanced Piston Corer Temperature (APC-T) tool attached to the shoe of a hydraulic piston corer. They are significantly larger than the uncertainties caused during data acquisition and processing. Frictional heat due to penetration increased the temperature by >10 K, exceeding the gas/hydrate stability temperature at that depth. This heat is partly consumed by hydrate dissociation, which disturbs the thermal decay curve after penetration, but 2D numerical modeling revealed that hydrate dissociation does not significantly change the extrapolated equilibrium temperature. So far, we cannot suggest any acceptable explanation for the observed thermal anomalies, although we strongly suspect that it is related to hydrate dissociation.
- Earth, Planets and Space
Earth, Planets and Space 67(16), 1-9, 2015-02-05