入門期から初級までの日本語学習者の音韻的作動記憶の能力と語彙力および聴解力との関係 [in Japanese] The relation between phonological working memory capacity and vocabulary and listening comprehension by Japanese language learners at novice to beginner level [in Japanese]
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The present study examined the relation between phonological working memory capacity (PWMC) and vocabulary or listening comprehension ability by Japanese Language learners from the initial stage of learning to after three month' learning. Previous studies indicated that the PWMC, measured by a non-word repetition task, has a relation with vocabulary by children and listeningcomprehension by adult Japanese learners. We conducted an experiment to 18 graduate- and exchange-program students. Most of them showed a significant increase in their scores of the PWMC. The results showed some relation between the PWMC and vocabulary, but no relation between the PWMC and listening comprehension. The results indicated that the students' ability to keep Japanese phonemes for a short period and to repeat them correctly increased. As indicated in the case of the vocabulary, the adult Japanese language learners behaved similarly to children. We argue that the PWMC in the early stage of language learning may predict the future ability of their vocabulary.
言語と文化 (26), 142-153, 2013