ブラジルの移行期における軍事政権下の人権侵害の清算 The settlement of human rights violations under the military regime during Brazil's transitional period
The military dictatorship ruled Brazil over a period of approximately 20 years from 1964 to 1985. Meanwhile, a number of human rights violations were carried out by the military regime. Were those of human rights violations settled in the period of transition to the democratic regime from the military regime? The 1979 Amnesty Law which was enacted as a temporary result in the reconciliation of Brazilian society has now become an obstacle to the settlement of human rights violations. Brazil's Supreme Court judged the Amnesty Law as constitutional in 2010. However, the Amnesty Law did not conform to the Inter-American Convention on Human Rights according to the judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which was issued in the same year. Therefore, first, I will outline the actuality of human rights violations under the military regime. Second, I will describe the content of the 1979 Amnesty Law and what effect it has on the Brazilian society. Third, I will discuss the movement of relief for the human rights violations that took place under the military regime in the transitional period through the truth commission. Fourth, I will examine what degree of influence the activities of the Inter-American Human Rights Commission and the judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights have had in the country of Brazil. As a conclusion, I will mention that the activities to overcome the defects of the Amnesty Law have begun in Brazil.
文教大学国際学部紀要 26(1), 47-65, 2015-07