東大阪アリーナ水泳熱中症事故 : 精神・身体的障害のある選手への適切な指導に向けて  [in Japanese] A young man died of heatstroke while swimming in natatorium attaching to Higashi Osaka Stadium : For performing proper instruction to trainees who have mental and/or physical characteristics  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

結節性硬化症で,てんかんと知的障害のある24歳の青年が,知的障害者の水泳クラブでの水泳練習中に熱中症を発症し,死亡した。事故が起きたのは東大阪アリーナ内の屋内プールであり,水温32.7°C,室温36°Cと,きわめて高温状態であった。また,室内プールであることを考慮すると,多湿状態でもあったものと考えられた。練習生たちが課された練習メニューは,ウォーミングアップも不十分な状態で,いきなり2,000メートルを全力で泳がせるというものであった。遺族は民事裁判を提起し,コーチは過酷な環境下での練習内容を軽減すべきであったと主張した。しかしながら裁判所は,コーチの過失として,一定時間ごとに強制給水を実施することを怠ったという点"のみ"を認定した。そして裁判所は,青年の死とコーチの過失との間の因果関係を認めなかった。とりわけ精神・知的障害のある練習生に対する水泳指導においては,その環境(気温,室温,水温,湿度,輻射熱)や個々の練習生の体力の消耗程度,それぞれの持病や体型・体質,服薬状態など,様々な観点から,慎重にメニューを検討すべきである。

A 24-year-old man who had tuberous sclerosis, epilepsy and hypophrenia died of heatstroke while practicing swimming in class for persons with intellectual disabilities. The accident happened in an indoor swimming pool inside Higashi Osaka Stadium. At the time of the accident, the environment surrounding the pool was under a high temperature, that is, the temperature of water was 32.7 degree and that of room was 36.0. Because there was an indoor pool, it was thought that it was a high humidity state. In the practice schedule, the trainees were forced to swim for 2,000 meters continuously without enough prior warming-up. The bereaved family brought a civil action to the court and asserted that the swimming coach should have reduced the exercise load that had been imposed to the trainees in such the harsh condition. The court however found the fact that the coach was regarded as negligent only in the point that she had failed to supply water requisite for trainees every fixed time period. So the court did not recognize the causal correlation between the result of death of the young man and the coach's fault. In the teaching of swimming especially for the student with mental disabilities or retardations, the coach should consider the practice schedule carefully from every point of view such as not only the circumstances of the pool (e.g. temperature of air, room and water, humidity and radiation heat), but also the degree of physical strength consumption, the chronic disease, the body type, the physical constitution and the medication history of the trainees

Journal

  • 日本体育大学紀要 = Bulletin of Nippon Sport Science University

    日本体育大学紀要 = Bulletin of Nippon Sport Science University 47(2), 129-140, 2018-03

    日本体育大学

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120006458332
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00194152
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0285-0613
  • NDL Article ID
    029071242
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-364
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR 
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