環境バランスエリアの達成にライフスタイルの見直しが及ぼす可能性  [in Japanese] POTENTIAL OF ACHIEVING THE ENVI RONMENTALLY BALANCED AREA BY LIFESTYLE IMPROVEMENT  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

地方分権が進み,自治体と居住者と協力しながら,地球環境問題の解決が必要となる.そのため,居住者意識を把握する上で,広く環境改善のインセンティブが居住者にも行政にも及ぶ仕組みが求められている.本研究では,茨城県におけるアンケート調査に基づき,ライフスタイルの見直しが自治体間の環境バランスに与える影響について,環境バランスエリア概念を用いて分析を行った.結果:1,都市規模が大きくなるほど,一人当たりの環境負荷量と環境受容量が低くなる傾向を示している;2,主婦の食料自給率潜在上昇可能性が相対的に高く,壮年有職者の交通と家庭エネルギー消費潜在削減可能性が相対的に高い;3,シナリオ実施後の環境バランスエリアの範囲が縮小し,目標値に達成したエリアも増えた.Because decentralization is progressing, local governments and residents should take mutually cooperative actions to achieve an accurate resolution of global environment is-sues. A new system considering individual consciousness is necessary, providing incen-tives both to governments and residents to improve environmental management. For this study, a questionnaire survey was administered in Ibaraki Prefecture. Based on the survey results, the influence on the environmental balance of local governments by changing lifestyles was revealed in the environmentally balanced areas concept. Results show the following: 1) Larger urban scales are associated with less environmental load and environmental capacity. 2) Although homemakers show a higher potential for raising the food self-sufficiency rate, the potential for reduced transportation and household energy consumption are higher for employed middle-aged people. 3) Scenario analysis reveals that areas with environmental balance are expected to shrink. Areas achieving the target values will increase.

Journal

  • 土木学会論文集G(環境) = Selected papers on Environmental Systems Research

    土木学会論文集G(環境) = Selected papers on Environmental Systems Research 72(6), II_107-II_118, 2016

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120006473868
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11503847
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    1345-9597
  • Data Source
    IR 
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