Characteristics of foreshock activity inferred from the JMA earthquake catalog

Access this Article

Search this Article

Abstract

We investigated the foreshock activity characteristics using the Japan Meteorological Agency Unified Earthquake Catalog for the last 20 years. Using the nearest-neighbor distance approach, we systematically and objectively classified the earthquakes into clustered and background seismicity. We further categorized the clustered events into foreshocks, mainshocks, and aftershocks and analyzed their statistical features such as the b-value of the frequency–magnitude distribution. We found that the b-values of the foreshocks are lower than those of the aftershocks. This b-value difference suggested that not only the stochastic cascade effect but also the stress changes/aseismic processes may contribute to the mainshock-triggering process. However, forecasting the mainshock based on b-value analysis may be difficult. In addition, the rate of foreshock occurrence in all clusters (with two or more events) was nearly constant (30–40%) over a wide magnitude range. The difference in the magnitude, time, and epicentral distance between the mainshock and largest foreshock followed a power law. We inferred that the distinctive characteristics of foreshocks can be better revealed using the improved catalog, which includes the micro-earthquake information

Journal

  • Earth, planets and space

    Earth, planets and space (70), 90, 2018-05

    Springer

Keywords

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120006492179
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11211921
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    1343-8832
  • Data Source
    IR 
Page Top