Distributions of glass-transition temperature and thermal expansivity in multilayered polystyrene thin films studied by neutron reflectivity
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We performed neutron reflectivity measurements on multilayered polymer thin films consisting of alternatively stacked deuterated polystyrene (d-PS) and hydrogenated polystyrene (h-PS) layers ∼200 Å thick as a function of temperature covering the glass-transition temperature Tg, and we found a wide distribution of Tg as well as a distribution of the thermal expansivity α within the thin films, implying the dynamic heterogeneity of the thin films along the depth direction. The reported anomalous film thickness dependences of Tg and α were reasonably understood in terms of the distributions, showing that the surface mobile layer and the bottom hard interfacial layer are, respectively, responsible for the depressions of Tg and α with decreasing film thickness. The molecular mobility in each layer is also discussed in relation to the distribution of Tg, based on the results on mutual diffusion at the layer interface.
- PHYSICAL REVIEW E
PHYSICAL REVIEW E 83(2), 2011-02-08
American Physical Society