Relationship between Ocular Deviation and Visual Function in Retinitis Pigmentosa
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In retinitis pigmentosa (RP), peripheral visual-field loss starts in early stages, whereas central vision loss occurs in advanced stages. Sensory strabismus gradually occurs in RP. We investigated the relationship between ocular deviation and visual function and explored for sensory strabismus risk factors in 119 consecutive patients with RP at various stages. We assessed ocular deviation at far and near distances, that is the central visual field, using the mean deviation (MD) value and visual acuity (VA), and the residual binocular field area, using Goldmann perimetry (GP), in 33 patients. The horizontal ocular deviation at near distance was >10° in 30% patients and correlated with residual visual function. Although there was no effective cut-off value for central visual function, a cut-off residual GP area of 40 cm2 distinguished patients with a larger from those with a smaller horizontal ocular deviation at far distance (P = 0.04). Our findings suggest that visual function is negatively associated with ocular deviation in patients with RP and that the sensory strabismus risk is relatively high for patients with a binocular visual field <40 cm2. Thus, screening for ocular alignment may be necessary for patients with RP-associated severe vision loss as part of their comprehensive care.
- Scientific Reports
Scientific Reports 8(1), 2018-10-05
Springer Nature America, Inc