認知症への教育学的アプローチの可能性に関する試論的考察 : 先行研究の資料分析調査をもとに [in Japanese] A study on the potentialities of approaching those with dementia, carers and civilians from an educational perspective : Preliminary findings through a literature review [in Japanese]
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This paper intends to briefly illustrate the potentialities of approaching those with dementia, carers and civilians from an educational perspective through a literature review. The literature read by the author between 2014 and 2016 is divided into three main themes: good practices of approaching those with dementia by educational intervention; the relationships between dementia and some educational abstract concepts such as lifelong learning; and those trying to redefine the issue of dementia from wider viewpoints. Based upon this classification, the following can be addressed as future potentialities of approaching those concerned with dementia from an educational perspective. Firstly, educational institutions, especially those relating to lifelong learning, could be advantageous in improving the physical as well as mental conditions of those with dementia. In this sense, historical museums in particular have great potential in creating opportunities for those with dementia to retrieve their memories. Secondly, educational institutions could involve a variety of stakeholders as learners, not only those who have developed dementia, but also their families, carers, would-be volunteers, specialists and civilians, by offering awareness training and anxiety relief programmes as well as professional caring programmes, depending on the individual needs. Thirdly, as an academic discipline, educational science could contribute to developing existing non-pharmacological therapeutic measures further by making use of its own methodology, such as how to create a better educational programme, how to observe and support learners in the process of their learning and how to understand individual learners, etc. Yet, preliminary findings also indicate that it would be difficult to deal with the issue of dementia from an educational perspective alone, when symptoms of those with dementia worsen. Collaboration with specialists in other fields is therefore recommended, not only with those in medicine and health science, but also those in engineering, psychology, the arts and so forth, in order to foster discussions and find the best solutions from multidimensional perspectives with a view to creating a dementia-friendly educational environment.
徳島大学大学開放実践センター紀要 26, 1-18, 2017-03