インドにおける土地収用と農民-デリー近郊の2農村の事例から-  [in Japanese] Land Acquisition and Farmers in India: A Case Study of Two Villages on the Periphery of Delhi  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿では、都市化・工業化が急速に進む、デリー郊外の二つの農村を例に、開発目的の土地収用に対して、土地を収用された住民たちがどのように対応し、農村の経済活動にどのような変化がもたらされたのかを論じる。土地収用により、土地なし世帯が急増し、農民の離農が促された一方で、新たな土地購入や建物の増改築により賃貸業が普及した。その結果、村内で比較的恵まれていた世帯の経済的優位は変わらなかった。また、土地収用に対する反対運動では、補償金の増額や農地の返還が要求されていた。土地を収用された住民からは、農地が返却されたとしても、農業よりも、土地を多目的に活用することを望んでいることがうかがえた。就業形態の多様化が進み、都市近郊の地価が急騰するなかで、また、民主主義の深化がみられるなかで、交渉力を身につけた土地所有者にとって、土地収用は必ずしも土地所有者の敗北を意味しなくなった。

This paper examines how farmers have reacted to land acquisition by the state for development purposes and the resulting changes in village economic activity, with reference to two villages on the periphery of Delhi, following rapid urbanization and industrialization. While the number of landless households has increased and a number of farmers have abandoned farming, many farmers used the compensation money they received for their land to purchase new parcels of land or to enlarge and/or remodel their houses in order to lease-out the land or rooms. As a result, the households that originally had substantial land, and also enjoyed opportunities for non-agricultural employment, have kept their economic status in the villages unchanged, even after the land acquisition. During the protest movement against the land acquisition, the farmers mainly requested an increase in compensation or a return of the land. According to an investigation, however, it seems the farmers do not want to restart farming, even if their land would be returned. Rather they want to use their land for multi-purposes, including rental businesses. With the occupational diversification and rapid increase of land prices on the periphery of megacities, as well as the deepening of democracy, it seems that land acquisition does not always mean a loss for famers who are now well-informed and tough negotiators.

Journal

  • 松山東雲女子大学人文科学部紀要

    松山東雲女子大学人文科学部紀要 (25), 201-217, 2017-03-31

    松山東雲女子大学人文科学部紀要委員会

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120006530757
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • ISSN
    2185-808X
  • Data Source
    IR 
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