「芭蕉」使用の分水嶺 : 横溝正史『獄門島』論 A watershed of Basho's Haiku for use in novels : A Study of Yokomizo Seishi's "Gokumon-tou"
This article examines how to use three Haikus in "Gokumon-tou（Gokumon Island）", one of Yokomizo Seishi's mystery novels. In this mystery, a detective, Kindaichi Kosuke finds the truth of the serial murders. In those cases, each of the victims are compared to Haiku. For example, Yukie, she is the middle of three sisters, is compared to Basho's Haiku "Muzan yana Kabuto no Shita no Kirigirisu （How pitiful! Under a soldier's empty helmet, a cricket sings）". Specifically, Yukie is compared to an old cricket related to white color because Basho's cricket is compared to an old soldier. Then, a big temple bell is compared to a soldier's helmet. What is this criminal doing？ The criminal rediscovers the beauty of Haiku. In other words, the criminal plays with Mitate. As I have explained, Mitate is a kind of comparison, and in this paper I solve three mysteries with Kindaichi, and clarify the motive for crime. As a whole, this thesis offers a close reading "Gokumon-tou" focusing on three Haikus and the role of characters. In addition, I show the position of "Gokomon-tou" in the Japanese mystery or Japanese modern literature containing Haiku. "Gokomon-tou" is groundbreaking in these special tricks using Haiku. After this novel we find a lot of mystery writers using Haiku. Especially, Matsumoto Seicho utilize Haiku as a trick or the key to solving the mystery. Seicho knows the characteristics of modern Haiku in comparison with Seishi. He use the characteristics, namely Shasei（sketching）theory, going to famous sightseeing spots, literary coterie magazines, Haiku gathering and so on, in his novels. Then, Yokomitsu Riichi who is a contemporary of Seishi connects Basho's Haiku and Japanese fate. In contract, Seishi's Basho is released from the oppression. Seishi makes free use of Basho's Haiku, and accordingly "Gokumon-tou" becomes a watershed of Basho's Haiku for use in novels.
名古屋大学人文学フォーラム 1, 107-120, 2018-03-31