IL-29 Enhances CXCL10 Production in TNF-α-stimulated Human Oral Epithelial Cells

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Interleukin-29 (IL-29) is a cytokine belonging to the type III interferon family. It was recently detected in the gingival crevicular fluid of periodontitis patients. However, the role of IL-29 in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease remains unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of IL-29 on C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10) production in human oral epithelial cells. We measured CXCL10 production in TR146 cells, which is a human oral epithelial cell line, using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We used Western blot analysis to detect IL-29 receptor expression and the phosphorylation levels of signal transduction molecules, including p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and nuclear factor (NF)-κB p65, in the TR146 cells. The TR146 cells expressed the IL-29 receptor. IL-29 induced CXCL10 production in the TR146 cells. IL-29 significantly enhanced CXCL10 production in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-stimulated TR146 cells. The p38 MAPK, STAT3, and NF-κB pathways were found to be related to the IL-29-induced enhancement of CXCL10 production in TNF-α-stimulated TR146 cells. IL-29 promotes T helper 1 cell accumulation in periodontal lesions by inducing CXCL10 production in oral epithelial cells.


  • Immunological Investigations : A Journal of Molecular and Cellular Immunology

    Immunological Investigations : A Journal of Molecular and Cellular Immunology 46(6), 615-624, 2017-07-28

    Taylor & Francis


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