自尊感情尺度の俎上にのらない若者に対する対話的支援の効果 : 学習・キャリア支援ボランティアの経験に基づいて  [in Japanese] A Dialog Support for an Adolescent student who can't be on the Measured Stage of Self-esteem Scale  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究は、一見すると自尊感情が低くないにもかかわらず、自尊感情が低い子どもよりも根深いところで問題を抱えているある少年の姿を取り上げ、今日の学校教育において重要とされる自尊感情の育みが、一般的な枠組みでは可能にならない子どもについて、事例を検討している。本事例においては、当該の少年は、自尊感情の高低を測る俎上にさえのっていない、といえる。その要因として、自尊感情のさらに礎となる、非定立的な意識(サルトル)という自己意識の機能の不十分さが考えられる。自尊感情の礎を育むとされる全面的な承認は、乳幼児期までのおとなとの関係でまず得られる、とされており、この少年は、そうした承認が現実的には不可能な年齢にいたっている。しかしこの少年は、会話の内容そのものに意味があるというよりもうしろ、呼びかけ合っているという事実そのものに焦点化される、他愛のないおしゃべりを経ることによって、自己意識を充実されていった可能性が考えられる。自尊感情の高低を測る俎上にさえのらない子どもがいること、そしてそうした子どもに対する支援の一つとしての対話的支援の効果が明らかになった。

In this paper the author takes up an adolescent student who apparently doesn't have low self-esteem but has a deeper problem than those who shows low self-esteem. He can't receive teachers' common supports for increasing self-esteem which are thought important in today's school education. She tries to elucidate his being way by this case study.In this case the student can't be measured from the view point of self-esteem scale. Because his "non positionnel consciousness" (Sarter) of himself which is a foundation of self-esteem doesn't work enough. It is supposed that wholly approval and esteem which develops self-esteem should be acquired in a relationship between an adult and an infant. But he seems to have had few opportunities to get such approval and esteem in his babyhood stage. It means that he is already too older to gain them by such a way. However this paper shows that he could get them through a lot of easy and trifling dialog with volunteers. In such dialog people focus not on the contents but on the fact we are talking with. And she analysis that experience of dialog has affect on him to fulfill his self-consciousness.She cleared two points. The first is that there are children who can't be measured from the view point of self-esteem scale. The second is that dialog can function as a support for such a child.

Journal

  • 生涯学習とキャリアデザイン = Lifelong Learning and Career Studies

    生涯学習とキャリアデザイン = Lifelong Learning and Career Studies 16(1), 187-199, 2018-11

    法政大学キャリアデザイン学会

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120006557829
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11961965
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • ISSN
    1349-3051
  • Data Source
    IR 
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