Molecular Basis of the Recognition of Nephronectin by Integrin α8β1
Access this Article
Search this Article
This research was originally published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Yuya Sato, Toshihiko Uemura, Keisuke Morimitsu, Ryoko Sato-Nishiuchi, Ri-ichiroh Manabe, Junichi Takagi, Masashi Yamada and Kiyotoshi Sekiguchi. Molecular Basis of the Recognition of Nephronectin by Integrin α8β1. J. Biol. Chem. 2009; 284: 14524-14536 © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyIntegrin α8β1 interacts with a variety of Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-containing ligands in the extracellular matrix. Here, we examined the binding activities of α8β1 integrin toward a panel of RGD-containing ligands. Integrin α8β1 bound specifically to nephronectin with an apparent dissociation constant of 0.28 ± 0.01 nm, but showed only marginal affinities for fibronectin and other RGD-containing ligands. The high-affinity binding to α8β1 integrin was fully reproduced with a recombinant nephronectin fragment derived from the RGD-containing central "linker" segment. A series of deletion mutants of the recombinant fragment identified the LFEIFEIER sequence on the C-terminal side of the RGD motif as an auxiliary site required for high-affinity binding to α8β1 integrin. Alanine scanning mutagenesis within the LFEIFEIER sequence defined the EIE sequence as a critical motif ensuring the high-affinity integrin-ligand interaction. Although a synthetic LFEIFEIER peptide failed to inhibit the binding of α8β1 integrin to nephronectin, a longer peptide containing both the RGD motif and the LFEIFEIER sequence was strongly inhibitory, and was ∼2,000-fold more potent than a peptide containing only the RGD motif. Furthermore, trans-complementation assays using recombinant fragments containing either the RGD motif or LFEIFEIER sequence revealed a clear synergism in the binding to α8β1 integrin. Taken together, these results indicate that the specific high-affinity binding of nephronectin to α8β1 integrin is achieved by bipartite interaction of the integrin with the RGD motif and LFEIFEIER sequence, with the latter serving as a synergy site that greatly potentiates the RGD-driven integrin-ligand interaction but has only marginal activity to secure the interaction by itself.
- Journal of Biological Chemistry
Journal of Biological Chemistry 284(21), 14524-14536, 2009-05
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology