学長のリーダーシップとその能力養成  [in Japanese] Leadership Development of University Presidents in Japan  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿の目的は、優秀な学長が何を重視し、どのような形でリーダーシップを発揮しているのか、そうした学長たちはどのように育ってきたのかを、11名の学長へのインタビュー調査から明らかにし、学長人材の育成に対する示唆を得ることである。学長たちは、ビジョンを示し実現につなげる能力や覚悟といった組織目標を達成するための努力と、構成員の理解や協力を引き出すための工夫やコミュニケーションという大きく二側面を重視していた。学長の育成方法については、学者経験のある学長は、学内役職経験の効果が大きいが、それだけでなく、機会を作って高等教育や政策について学んでいた。学者経験のない学長の場合は一定の苦労があるが、それぞれの持つ経験のほか、やはり自ら学ぶことで役割を果たしていた。今後の学長人材育成に対する考え方については、自身が育った方法が望ましいと考える傾向があったが、学長には一定の資質がある人物に、役職を与え、同時に研修の場に出るなどの学習をしてもらうことで育成することが有用というのが共通項であった。学長のリーダーシップに期待し、権限や予算を付与するだけでなく、育成という観点が重要である。The purpose of this paper is threefold: to clarify what Japan's leading university presidents emphasize in their work; how they demonstrate leadership; and, finally, how they developed into the leaders they became. Through interviews with 11 university presidents, this study revealed that these leaders largely emphasize determination in expressing their school's vision and putting in the necessary hard work to achieve their organizational goals. In addition, the university presidents emphasized the measures needed to extract understanding and cooperation from their team members. With regard to their leadership development processes, those with previous academic experience found that their experiences had a great effect upon their professional accomplishments. In addition to this, as much as possible, they pursued opportunities to learn more about higher education and its policies. Generally, those presidents who had no previous academic experience did self study to help them fulfill their duties. Regardless of how they got there, the presidents had a tendency to believe that the way they developed their leadership skills was the most desirable method. One common element shared by most of the university presidents interviewed was their ability to delegate work to qualified individuals and then to encourage them in advanced learning and further development. It is important to applaud the leadership skills of university presidents and to grant them authority, a sufficient budget, and opportunities for ongoing leadership development.

Journal

  • 名古屋高等教育研究

    名古屋高等教育研究 (19), 171-197, 2019-03

    名古屋大学高等研究教育センター

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120006600443
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11679581
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1348-2459
  • NDL Article ID
    029617575
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-J969
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR 
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