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Abstract

We analyzed the clinical significance and genetic features of ASXL2 and ZBTB7A mutations, and the alternatively spliced isoform of the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript, which is also called AML1-ETO9a (AE9a), in Japanese CBF-AML patients enrolled in the JALSG AML201 study. ASXL2 and ZBTB7A genes were sequenced using bone marrow samples of 41 AML patients with t(8;21) and 14 with inv(16). The relative expression levels of AE9a were quantified using the real-time PCR assay in 23 AML patients with t(8;21). We identified ASXL2 (34.1%) and ZBTB7A (9.8%) mutations in only AML patients with t(8;21). ASXL2-mutated patients had a significantly higher WBC count at diagnosis (P = 0.04) and a lower frequency of sex chromosome loss than wild-type patients (33 vs. 76%, respectively, P = 0.01). KIT mutations were the most frequently accompanied with both ASXL2 (36%) and ZBTB7A (75%) mutations. Neither ASXL2 nor ZBTB7A mutations had an impact on overall or event-free survival. Patients harboring cohesin complex gene mutations expressed significantly higher levels of AE9a than unmutated patients (P = 0.03). In conclusion, ASXL2 and ZBTB7A mutations were frequently identified in Japanese AML patients with t(8;21), but not in those with inv(16). Further analysis is required to clarify the detailed biological mechanism of AE9a regulation of the cohesin complex.ファイル公開:2020/01/01

Journal

  • Annals of Hematology

    Annals of Hematology 98(1), 83-91, 2019-01

    Springer

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120006623799
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    0939-5555
  • Data Source
    IR 
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