Electrochemical biotechnologies minimizing the required electrode assemblies
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Microbial electrochemical systems (MESS) are expected to be put into practical use as an environmental technology that can support a future environmentally friendly society. However, conventional MESs present a challenge of inevitably increasing initial investment, mainly due to requirements for a large numbers of electrode assemblies. In this review, we introduce electrochemical biotechnologies that are under development and can minimize the required electrode assemblies. The novel biotechnologies, called electro-fermentation and indirect electro-stimulation, can drive specific microbial metabolism by electrochemically controlling intercellular and extracellular redox states, respectively. Other technologies, namely electric syntrophy and microbial photo-electrosynthesis, obviate the need for electrode assemblies, instead stimulating targeted reactions by using conductive particles to create new metabolic electron flows.
- Current Opinion in Biotechnology
Current Opinion in Biotechnology (50), 182-188, 2018-04