近世移動学の構築に向けての試論 : ユーラシア世界の「人の移動と交流」に関する統合的整理の試み  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

It is true that human migration is a ubiquitous phenomenon in human history, but in a certain epoch it had characteristic features. This paper attempts to examine the nature of the period from the 17th century to the third quarter of the 19th century, generally viewing the movement of people not only inside the Eurasian world but also between Eurasia and the New world. Many historians have considered the 17th century as the time of "global crisis" when a lot of wars and revolts broadly happened, damaging the traditional international system and requiring its reorganization. At that time both in Western Eurasia and Eastern Eurasia the presence and the framework of each territorial state were strengthened, which seems to have forced some people to migrate in the several ways, i. e., avoiding the religious oppression given by the "dominant" sect and leaving their homelands. War prisoners produced in the increasing military campaigns were also looked upon as one of the patterns of forcible migrations. At the same time, the establishment among the East Asian states of the system of sending the castaways back to their native countries depended on the reorganization of the international order in this area. Such compulsory nature of human migrations, which seemingly continued to be seen until the middle ofthe 19th century, was affected by the underdevelopment of the measures and the infrastructures related to transportation and communication. Under such situation it was supposedly difficult for the ordinary people to travel, especially abroad. Therefore, the traffic revolution after the 1850s changed the flow of migrants and stimulated the development of the new industries supporting the travelers. Additionally the abolition of slave trade and slavery, which was legislated until the 1830s, but was barely realized in the latter half of the 19th century, seems to have lightened the forceful character of the human transfers.

Journal

  • 宮城教育大学紀要 = Bulletin of Miyagi University of Education

    宮城教育大学紀要 = Bulletin of Miyagi University of Education (53), 65-80, 2019-01-31

    宮城教育大学

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120006646606
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • ISSN
    1346-1621
  • Data Source
    IR 
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