6年間の太極拳自主グループへの参加が高齢者のQOLに及ぼす影響について  [in Japanese] A Six-Year Study : Effects of Continuous Tai Chi Exercise with Elderly People Evaluated in Quality of Life  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究は太極拳自主グループ活動に6年間継続参加した高齢者の身体状況と健康関連QOL の改善効果を明らかにすることであった.対象は太極拳自主グループ参加者16人で6年間継続参加した10人(平均年齢65.7±3.16歳)(自主太極拳群)を解析対象とした.身体状況,健康関連QOL を太極拳自主グループ活動開始時と6年後に調査した.その結果,開始時に対して6年後は収縮期血圧及び拡張期血圧が有意に低下し, SF-36下位尺度の活力が有意に向上した.国民標準値に基づいたSF-36下位尺度得点について,自主太極拳群と同年代の全国の健常者の国民標準値と比較し,開始時は60代全国の健常者より身体機能,活力,社会生活機能,心の健康の4項目が有意に高く,6年後は70代全国の健常者より身体機能,全体的健康観,活力,社会生活機能,日常精神的役割機能の5項目が有意に高かった.太極拳自主グループ活動への継続参加は高齢者の血圧及び健康関連QOL を改善する可能性がある.介護予防における住民主体の運動プログラムとして活用が期待される.

Purpose: To investigate how Tai Chi exercise influenced physical conditions of a group of voluntary elderly people. Systolic blood pressure( SBP), diastolic blood pressure( DBP) and quality of life( QOL) were compared with the national standard.Methods: 16 participants performed Tai Chi exercise once a week as the group between 2008 and 2014. The data were collected at the beginning and end of the study. For QOL, the Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire was utilized to evaluate various aspects of functions. The sub-scores of the SF-36 included physical functioning (PF), physical role (PR), bodily pain (BP), general health (GH), vitality (VT), social functioning (SF), emotional role (RE) and mental health (MH). Eventually, 10 participants were selected for the data analysis; the average age of these participants was 65.7± 3.2 years old.Results: SBP and DBP measured at the end of the study decreased significantly. VT was significant higher than at the beginning. When the participants began exercising, PF, VT, SF and MH were scored higher than healthy 60's in the national standard. Six years later, when the participants became 70's, PF, GH, VT, SF and RE showed significantly higher score than the national standard in the same age group.Conclusion: The study would suggest that Tai Chi exercise might be effective maintaining and possibly improving health of the elderly people. Further systematic trial would be required to determine whether or not the Tai Chi exercise program provided significant physiological and functional benefits.

Journal

  • 了徳寺大学研究紀要 = The bulletin of Ryotokuji University

    了徳寺大学研究紀要 = The bulletin of Ryotokuji University (13), 125-132, 2019

    了德寺大学

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120006646976
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12217741
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1881-9796
  • NDL Article ID
    029763366
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-T260
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR 
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