Clinical Relevance of Blood Glucose and Gastroesophageal Reflux Symptoms to Depressive Status in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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Abstract

A relationship between diabetes and depression is apparent. To clarify the clinical relevance of diabetic patients' gastroesophageal symptoms to their psychological status, we retrospectively analyzed the data from a Selfrating Depression Scale (SDS) and a Frequency Scale for Symptoms of Gastroesophageal reflux disease (FSSG) among 143 type 2 diabetic patients who visited a general medicine department. Among the 45 Japanese patients enrolled, the group with relatively high SDS scores (≥ 36) showed higher (FSSG) dysmotility symptom scores versus the low-SDS (< 36) group, although the 2 groups' characteristics and laboratory data were not significantly different. Positive correlations of postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) levels with FSSG scores (R=0.321, p<0.05), particularly with reflux scores (R=0.455, p<0.01) were revealed. PPG and HbA1c levels were not correlated with SDS scores. The patients' SDS scores were significantly correlated with their FSSG scores (R=0.41, p<0.01), suggesting that depressive status is linked to GERD-related manifestations. Considering that the patients' PPG levels were correlated with GERD-related symptoms, diabetic patients' blood glucose levels are associated with depressive status. Collectively, key symptoms related to GERD and glucose level values would be helpful

Journal

  • Acta Medica Okayama

    Acta Medica Okayama 74(1), 33-40, 2020-02

    Okayama University Medical School

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