日本の雇用,社会システムにおける性差別及び人権について Gender Issues in the Labor, Social System and Human Rights in Japan

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Abstract

現在,日本は生活水準向上のため,高度な知識,スキルを必要とする知識基盤,実力主義社会である。 一方,日本では少子高齢化が急速に進み,雇用不足の撤回,高年齢者介護福祉が必須とされる。しかし, 男性中心の雇用,社会システムおいて,女性差別は深刻な問題である。1985 年の雇用機会均等法施行以 来,政府は雇用,社会システムにおける男女平等に全力を尽くしているが,教育の機会均等にもかかわ らず,日本の雇用,社会システムは依然として,男女不平等である。本稿は,まず雇用,社会システム における女性差別問題を明確にする。次に,政府がどのように女性差別問題に取り組んでいるかを探索 する。さらに,心理学的,社会学的立場から,日本女性の社会進出への可能性を探索する。本稿は特殊 文化を持つ日本社会における女性差別問題を論理的に提起し,女性の社会進出を社会の公生及び人権レ ベルで捉えることにおいて,有意義であろう。  Today Japan is a knowledge-based and performance-based society where demonstrating advanced knowledge, information, and skills are critical to success. Meanwhile, Japan is facing a sharp declining of the birthrate as well as societal aging, a combination which causes a labor shortage. In spite of the equal opportunity for education for all in Japan, the labor and social system stressing Japanese traditional gender roles certainly reveals gender inequality. Consequently, labor shortage and gender inequality in the labor and social system is a critical issue. The question is how to change a distorted gender perspective and take action for equity and human rights. Since the Equal Opportunity Law was enacted in 1985, the Japanese government has been striving to attain gender equality in the labor and social system. This paper will 1) clarify the gender issues in the labor and social system; 2) examine the government measures to attain gender equality in Japan; and 3) examine gender equality for equity and human rights from a psycho-sociological perspective. Advanced knowledge, information, and skills are needed to enhance equity in the labor and social system. Furthermore, there is a need for empowering the relationship between men and women that may help them to build a gender-equal society. Without a change of men's consciousness about gender equality, there is no solution. This approach could benefit educators to find ways to attain gender equality and to empower the relationship between men and women in the labor and social system, which could result in attaining human rights in Japan.

Journal

  • 国際基督教大学学報. I-A 教育研究 = Educational Studies

    国際基督教大学学報. I-A 教育研究 = Educational Studies (62), 79-85, 2020-03-31

    International Christian University

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120006844298
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • ISSN
    0452-3318
  • Data Source
    IR 
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