再定位された「地域社会」「集団」「共同性」と都市社会教育 : 戦後初期・高度成長期の都市公民館,成人学校を中心とした歴史的素描  [in Japanese] The Relocated Concepts of 'Community', 'Groups' and 'Cooperativeness' and Municipal Social Education in Urban Areas: A Historical Overview of Urban Kominkans and Adult Schools in the Early Post-War and the High-Growth Period of Japan  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿は,2019年度科学研究費補助金(基盤研究(C)「都市新中間層の共同性形成と社会教育に関する歴史研究:高度成長期の団地を事例として」課題番号:19K02429,研究代表者:久井英輔)による研究成果の一部である。

Community learning centers in Japan, well known as kominkans, began to be established as social education (i.e. non-formal education in Japan) facilities just after WWII, and their activities were based on the concepts of 'community', 'groups' and 'cooperativeness.' The combination of these concepts remained to be the fundamental principle of municipal social education even after the high-growth period, though the social context substantially transformed. We should examine why and how these concepts remained as the principle of municipal social education. The analysis in this study revealed two findings. Firstly, although these concepts remained to be the elements of the principle for municipal social education, after the high-growth period they were relocated as the keywords which indicate an ideal situation that should be generated by the activities of kominkans, rather than as the presupposition of their activities. Secondly, these concepts were referred to in the activities of adult schools, which were managed mainly by municipal social education administration in urban areas.Many municipality have referred to these concepts even after the high-growth period because there were no other realistic alternatives. The resources for municipal social education have been limited after the high-growth period. Under such circumstances, kominkans, established mainly before 1970s as social education facilities of community level, have been available and important resources. Thus, the combination of the concepts, which is suitable for the activities of kominkan, remained to be the principle of municipal social education, although modified according to the urbanization throughout and after the high-growth period.

Journal

  • 教育科学

    教育科学 (32), 5-39, 2020

    広島大学大学院教育学研究科教育学教室

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    120006848509
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00056432
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1347-6181
  • NDL Article ID
    030324065
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-H100
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR 
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