Role of Surface Texture on Friction under Boundary Lubricated Conditions

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Ensuring effective lubrication between sliding surfaces is one of the challenges in the field of tribology. In addition to the conventional parameters like speed, load, contact geometry and material parameters, the surface texture also influences the coefficient of friction. In the present investigation, the effect of surface texture on coefficient of friction under boundary lubricated condition was studied by sliding Al-4Mg alloy pins against EN8 steel discs of various surface textures using pin-on-disc machine. Both isotropic and directional textures were generated on the surfaces of the discs. Scanning Electron Microscopy and optical profilometer studies were carried out on the contact surfaces of both the pins and discs before and after the experiments. The result showed that the coefficient of friction varied considerably with surface textures. In addition, maximum value coefficient of friction was observed when pins slid perpendicular to the unidirectional texture and minimum when pins slid on random texture. Backscattered scanning electron micrographs revealed the transfer of iron from the disc to the pins and it was highest when pins slid perpendicular to the unidirectional texture and least for the random texture. However, no transfer layer of Al-Mg alloy was observed on the steel disc.


  • Tribology Online

    Tribology Online 3(1), 12-18, 2008

    Japanese Society of Tribologists


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