MeCP2 Expression and Promoter Methylation of Cyclin D1 Gene Are Associated with Cyclin D1 Expression in Developing Rat Epididymal Duct

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Author(s)

    • Darwanto Agus
    • Division of Pathology (Molecular Pathology), Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine
    • Kitazawa Riko
    • Division of Pathology (Molecular Pathology), Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine
    • Mori Kiyoshi
    • Division of Pathology (Molecular Pathology), Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine
    • Kondo Takeshi
    • Division of Pathology (Molecular Pathology), Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine
    • Kitazawa Sohei
    • Division of Pathology (Molecular Pathology), Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine

Abstract

Hypermethylation-dependent silencing of the gene is achieved by recruiting methyl-CpG binding proteins (MeCPs). Among the MeCPs, MeCP2 is the most abundantly and ubiquitously expressed in various types of cells. We first screened the distribution and expression pattern of MeCP2 in adult and developing rat tissues and found strong MeCP2 expression, albeit rather ubiquitously among normal tissues, in ganglion cells and intestinal epithelium in the small intestine, in Purkinje cells and neurons in the brain, in spermatogonia and in epithelial cells in the epididymal duct of the testis. We then assessed the expression and the methylation pattern of the promoter region of cyclin D1 by immunohistochemistry and sodium bisulfite mapping, and found that cyclin D1 expression in the epididymal duct decreased rapidly during rat development: strong in newborn rats and very weak or almost negative in 7-day-old rats. Mirroring the decrease of cyclin D1 expression, methylated cytosine at both CpG and non-CpG loci in the cyclin D1 promoter was frequently observed in the epididymal duct of 7-day-old rats but not in that of newborn rats. Interestingly, MeCP2 expression also increased concomitant with the increase of methylation. Cyclin D1 expression in the epididymal duct may be efficiently regulated by the epigenetic mechanism of the cooperative increase of MeCP2 expression and promoter methylation.<br>

Journal

  • ACTA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOCHEMICA

    ACTA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOCHEMICA 41(5), 135-142, 2008

    JAPAN SOCIETY OF HISTOCHEMISTRY AND CYTOCHEMISTRY

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000070760
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0044-5991
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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