A Prospective Japanese Study of the Association between Personality and the Progression of Lung Cancer

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Author(s)

    • Asoh Hiroshi
    • Department of Thoracic Oncology, National Kyushu Cancer Center
    • Ikeda Jiro
    • Department of Thoracic Oncology, National Kyushu Cancer Center
    • Ohshima Akira
    • Department of Psychooncology, National Kyushu Cancer Center
    • Sudo Nobuyuki
    • Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences
    • Kubo Chiharu
    • Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences

Abstract

<b>Objective:</b> To examine predictive values for the effect of the "Type 1" (hopeless and emotionsuppressive, cancer prone), "Type 4" (autonomous, healthy), and "Type 5" (rational/antiemotional, cancer prone) personalities proposed by GrossarthMaticek on the prognosis of lung cancer patients.<br> <b>Methods:</b> 68 lung cancer patients were scored on the Types 1, 4, and 5 personality scales of the Short Interpersonal Reactions Inventory and were followed until the date of death or were censored at a maximum of 5.7 years after entry.<br> <b>Results:</b> The stage at diagnosis tended to be higher in patients with a high Type 1 or a low Type 4 score. A univariate Cox proportional hazards model showed that a high tendency toward Type 1 or Type 5 was related to an increased hazard of death. Adjustment for age, performance status, and stage, however, attenuated the relation to Type 1, leaving only Type 5 as a significantly related personality factor.<br> <b>Conclusion:</b> A high Type 5 tendency may predict poor survival in lung cancer patients, whereas Types 1 and 4 may not be independent predictors.<br>

Journal

  • Internal Medicine

    Internal Medicine 45(2), 57-63, 2006

    The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine

Cited by:  1

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