Rectification of Width and Area of the Ciliary Cleft in Dogs

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Author(s)

    • KAWATA Manabu
    • Laboratory of Advanced Diagnosis and Treatment, Department of Advanced Clinical Medicine, Course of Veterinary Science, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University
    • TSUKIZAWA Hisae
    • Laboratory of Advanced Diagnosis and Treatment, Department of Advanced Clinical Medicine, Course of Veterinary Science, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University
    • NAKAYAMA Masanari
    • Laboratory of Advanced Diagnosis and Treatment, Department of Advanced Clinical Medicine, Course of Veterinary Science, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University|Nakayama Veterinary Hospital
    • HASEGAWA Takashi
    • Laboratory of Advanced Diagnosis and Treatment, Department of Advanced Clinical Medicine, Course of Veterinary Science, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University

Abstract

The width and area of the ciliary cleft (CCW and CCA) according to ultrasound biomicroscopy was rectified to compare dogs of different body sizes/weights, including toy breed (TBG), small breed (SBG), medium breed (MBG) and large/giant breed groups (LGBG). A linear correlation was detected between the natural log of body weight and the ocular axial length (OAL) reflecting the ocular size (OS; r=0.81, <i>p</i><0.001). A significant positive correlation was found between OAL and the distance of the Schwalbe's line to the anterior lenticular capsule (SLD; r=0.87, <i>p</i><0.001), suggesting that SLD could rectify canine OS. Rectified CCW (r-CCW) and CCA (r-CCA) were calculated using SLD and fixed SLD as the SLD mean (SLDM). The SLDM was 2.55 mm in this study, and r-CCW and r-CCA were calculated as r-CCW = CCW × (2.55/SLD) and r-CCA = CCA × (2.55/SLD)<sup>2</sup>. The CCW values of TBG, SBG and MBG were narrower than those of LGBG (<i>p</i><0.05). There were significant statistical differences in CCA between all groups other than TBG and SBG (<i>p</i><0.05). There were no significant differences in r-CCW and r-CCA in any of the groups. In addition, CCW/SLD did not show significant changes in dogs with different body sizes/weights. These results suggested that r-CCW, r-CCA and CCW/SLD can be used for comparison between dogs of different body sizes/weights.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 72(5), 533-537, 2010

    JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000149946
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0916-7250
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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