Detection of Antibody to Canine Distemper Virus in Wild Raccoons (Procyon lotor) in Japan

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Author(s)

Abstract

Canine distemper virus (CDV) causes a lethal disease among members of the <i>Carnivora</i>. To clarify the distribution of CDV in wild animals, we examined 106 raccoon sera collected from two prefectures in Japan, Hyogo and Osaka, from 2005 to 2007. Among them, 34 raccoons (32.1%) possessed a virus-neutralizing (VN) antibody to KDK-1 strain (genotype Asia-1). There was no significant difference in seroprevalence of CDV regardless of places, gender, and body weights. In Hyogo, a geometric mean of VN titers to KDK-1 was significantly higher than that to Onderstepoort (vaccine strain), indicating that KDK-1-like CDV different from vaccine strain might have spread among raccoon population in Hyogo. In conclusion, CDV is epidemic among feral raccoons in Japan, suggesting that CDV might have been spreading among Japanese wild animals.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 71(12), 1661-1663, 2009

    JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000149996
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10796138
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0916-7250
  • NDL Article ID
    10530920
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-350
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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