日本と開発途上国の看護の差異に関する研究  - ラオスで活動した青年海外協力隊員への面接と報告書の分析 -:- ラオスで活動した青年海外協力隊員への面接と報告書の分析 -  [in Japanese] Differences in Nursing between Japan and Developing Countries : Analysis of Interviews with and Reports from Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers Nurses Working in Laos:Analysis of Interviews with and Reports from Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers Nurses Working in Laos  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<B>【目 的】</B> 国際看護協力を行う際の問題点の一つとして, 派遣された国における看護に関する考え方や看護技術の日本との違いが挙げられる. 開発途上国に対する効果的な看護協力のために, ラオスで活動した青年海外協力隊看護職隊員の面接調査と活動報告書を分析し, 看護の差異を明らかにすることを目的とする. <B>【方 法】</B> 看護職隊員14名の活動報告書, 5名の隊員に面接調査を実施し, 作成された逐語録から日本と異なる看護に関する記述を抽出し,「看護技術/助産技術到達目標」(厚生労働省2003) を参考に分類した. 【結 果】 日本と異なる看護の記述は「感染予防の技術」,「症状・生態機能管理技術」,「与薬の技術」に関する内容が多く, 患者の身の回りの世話は家族が行っていた. 助産技術は分娩期, 妊娠期についての記述が多かった. <B>【結 語】</B> ラオスと日本の看護の違いが明確化された. それらは, 今後の国際看護協力活動において多大に寄与するものと考える.

<B>Purpose : </B>Issues arising in international nursing cooperation include differences in thinking about nursing and nursing skills between the destination country and Japan. To make nursing cooperation for developing countries more effective, Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers nurses working in Laos were interviewed, and their activity reports analyzed to clarify differences in nursing practices. <B>Methods : </B>Five nurses from Japan working in Laos and 14 reports prepared by nurses working in Laos were analyzed to clarify differences in nursing practices between Laos and Japan. Descriptions of differences in nursing were extracted from reports, and semistructured interviews. Data was classified referencing Achievement Targets for Nursing Skills / Midwifery Skills (Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare, 2003). <B>Results : </B>Many statements were related to nursing skills such as infection prevention, symptoms and biological function management, and medicine prescription, and patient care by patient's family. Many differences in midwifery skills during delivery and pregnancy were extracted. <B>Conclusions : </B>The study clarified nursing practices between Laos and Japan, and is expected to contribute greatly to future international cooperation in nursing.

Journal

  • The Kitakanto Medical Journal

    The Kitakanto Medical Journal 60(1), 31-40, 2009

    The Kitakanto Medical Society

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000259106
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10585677
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    1343-2826
  • NDL Article ID
    10589159
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZS7(科学技術--医学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-138
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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