ファジィセット質的比較分析の応用可能性:―fsQCAによる人間開発指数の再構成―  [in Japanese] Application Potentialities of the Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis::Reconstruction of the Human Development Index by fsQCA  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿の第一の目的は,Raginによって提唱されたファジィ集合を用いた質的比較分析(fsQCA)の手法,とくにファジィ集合から真理表を作成しブール代数分析につなげるアプローチを紹介することである.第二の目的は,ファジィ集合を扱うというfsQCAの特性を活かしたさらなる応用の可能性,具体的には,fsQCAをいくつかの指数から作られる合成指数の再構成に用いるという応用の仕方を提案することである.本稿では特に,fsQCAを用いて,国連開発計画によって提唱され毎年データが公開されている人間開発指数を,主観的幸福感や選択の自由についての自己評価といった,人々の主観的評価をも考慮した指数に再構成することを試みる.

     The first purpose of this article is to introduce the method of fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) proposed by C. Ragin. This article especially focuses on the method of fuzzy-set truth-table approach and introduces it using a virtual data.<BR>     The second purpose is to propose a way of application of fsQCA to reconstruction of an index constructed by several sub-indices. An example is the Human Development Index (HDI), which is a national level index of well-being published by UNDP every year. We try to reconstruct HDI by fsQCA in order to reflect people's subjective evaluation such as subjective well-being and evaluation of freedom of choice. First, we construct fuzzy-set truth tables with sub-indices of HDI as conditions and subjective evaluation indices as an outcome using the dataset from Human Development Report and the World Values Surveys. Then, we propose two ways of reconstruction of HDI for reflecting a subjective evaluation index. One way is to use membership score of a sufficient condition equation derived from the truth table by fsQCA. Another way is to create a complex index factoring in sufficiency and necessity (consistency and coverage) of each combination of conditions to the outcome. The performances of each reconstructed index are discussed at the end of the article.

Journal

  • Sociological Theory and Methods

    Sociological Theory and Methods 24(2), 203-218, 2009

    Japanese Association For Mathematical Sociology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000263593
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10096921
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    特集
  • ISSN
    0913-1442
  • NDL Article ID
    10479011
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE1(社会・労働--社会科学・社会思想・社会学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-2199
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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