Change in VEGF Expression in Mouse Mammary Gland during Reproductive Cycle

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Author(s)

Abstract

During pregnancy, the mammary epithelium and its supporting vasculature undergo extensive growth and proliferation in preparation for lactation, which is thought to be dependent on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We investigated the expression of VEGF, using immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting, in the mouse mammary gland during the reproductive cycle. Immunohistochemical studies localized VEGF protein predominantly in the cytoplasm of the mammary epithelium and revealed it to be strongly expressed in late pregnancy and early lactation. In addition, immunoblot analysis revealed a 45-kD VEGF band, corresponding to the homodimer of the VEGF-A<sub>164</sub> isoform, with increased expression towards the end of pregnancy but no additional increase with the onset of lactation. As the post-lactation period advanced, a dramatic decrease in VEGF was observed in the regressed mammary epithelium. The expression of VEGF suggests that mammary epithelium-derived VEGF may be involved in pregnancy-associated mammary growth and differentiation and angiogenesis, and regulate vascular permeability during lactation in an autocrine or paracrine manner.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 72(9), 1159-1163, 2010

    JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000264232
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10796138
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0916-7250
  • NDL Article ID
    10844707
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-350
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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