自己紹介場面での緊張と透明性錯覚  [in Japanese] Social nervousness in a self-introduction situation and the illusion of transparency  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

人はしばしば,自己の主観的な状態が他者に対して露わになったと信じる傾向があり,これは透明性錯覚として知られている。本研究では,自己紹介場面での緊張においてこの透明性錯覚が重要な役割を果たし,また感じている緊張の関数として透明性推測が作り出される,という仮説を検討した。人前で話す時に緊張を強く感じる人は,そうでない人に比べて,聴衆に対してその緊張が明らかなものとして伝わったと信じる程度が強かった(研究1)。対人不安特性の強い人においても同様のことが示唆された(研究2)。研究3では,これらの結果を再現し,さらに動機的説明ではうまく行かないことを立証した。最後にこれらの結果に対して,透明性錯覚と係留・調整リューリスティックスの観点から議論が加えられた。<br>

People often tend to believe that their subjective states are readily apparent to others, a phenomenon known as the illusion of transparency. In the present study, we hypothesized that the illusion of transparency can play a role in the social nervousness, and that people make transparency estimates as a function of their own feelings of nervousness. In the three natural setting field studies, university students in a class were asked to introduce themselves and then to answer their nervousness and transparency estimates. Individuals who were highly nervous when they delivered a public speech believed their nervousness was more apparent to their audience than it actually was, and than individuals who were less nervous in Study 1. The results of Study 2 expanded these findings to trait social anxiety instead of magnititude of feelings of nervousness. The results of Study 3 replicated these findings and ruled out a motivational explanation. Lastly, these results were discussed in terms of the illusion of transparency and heuristics of "anchoring and adjustment".<br>

Journal

  • THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

    THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 46(1), 53-62, 2007

    The Japanese Group Dynamics Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000303315
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00104794
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    特集
  • ISSN
    0387-7973
  • NDL Article ID
    8716205
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE1(社会・労働--社会科学・社会思想・社会学) // ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-716
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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