適応戦略としての信頼:高信頼者・低信頼者の社会的知性の対称性について  [in Japanese] Trust as an adaptive strategy: Symmetry of social intelligence of high-trusters and low-trusters  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

高信頼者は低信頼者に比べ他者の信頼性の欠如を示す情報に敏感に反応するという小杉・山岸(1998)の結果を4つの研究で検討した。調査1では,小杉・山岸(1998)で用いられた一般的信頼感の指標が,一般的信頼感のレベルと他者の信頼性情報への反応パターンの間の関係を検討するための適切な指標となっていなかった点を指摘した。調査1の結果に基づき,2つの実験とひとつの郵送調査では,一般的信頼感として異なるものを用いた。結果は,低信頼者が他者のポジティブ人格情報に敏感に反応し,対象となる人物を信頼するようになることを示していた。3つの研究から,高信頼者と低信頼者は対称な反応パターンを有しており,いずれも社会的な機会を拡大するという点で適応的であることが示唆された。<br>

Four studies examined findings by Kosugi & Yamagishi (1998) that high-trusters presented with negative information about others exhibit a more pronounced response than do low-trusters presented with the same information. Survey 1 showed that the general trust scale used by Kosugi & Yamagishi (1998) did not provide an appropriate index for the investigation of the relationship between people’s general trust level and the patterns of their responses to information about others’ trustworthiness. Given the results of survey 1, two experiments and a mail survey were conducted using a different measure of general trust. The results demonstrated that low-trusters were strongly affected by positive information about others and quickly express an inclination to trust the target individuals. The findings of the three studies illustrate that the responses of high-trusters and low-trusters form a symmetric pattern, and each group’s strategy can be interpreted as an adaptation that helps to increase actors’ opportunities to interact with others.<br>

Journal

  • THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

    THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 44(1), 27-41, 2005

    The Japanese Group Dynamics Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000303400
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00104794
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-7973
  • NDL Article ID
    7363610
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE1(社会・労働--社会科学・社会思想・社会学) // ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-716
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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