An Epidemiological Survey of Feline Hemoplasma Infection in Japan

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Author(s)

    • NISHIO Takuma
    • Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University
    • YOSHII Yuta
    • Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University
    • SAKUMA Masato
    • Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University
    • NISHIGAKI Kazuo
    • Laboratory of Molecular Immunology and Infectious Disease, Faculty of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University
    • TSUJIMOTO Hajime
    • Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo
    • SETOGUCHI Asuka
    • Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University

Abstract

Hemoplasma (hemotropic mycoplasma) often causes hemolytic anemia in infected cats, especially those with immune suppression. An updated nationwide epidemiological survey of feline hemoplasmosis was conducted in Japan. Blood samples were collected from 1,770 outdoor-accessing cats from March to October 2008. The infections were molecularly detected by PCR analyses, which are able to distinguish <i>Mycoplasma haemofelis</i> (Mhf), `<i>Candidatus</i> M. haemominutum' (CMhm), and `<i>Candidatus</i> M. turicensis' (CMt) infections. Of the 1,770 cats, 468 cases (26.4%) revealed a single- or co-infection of feline hemoplasmas [Mhf alone, 42 cases (2.4%); CMhm alone, 280 cases (15.8%); CMt alone, 48 cases (2.7%); Mhf+CMhm, 28 cases (1.6%); Mhf+CMt, 6 cases (0.3%); CMhm+CMt, 50 cases (2.8%); Mhf+CMhm+CMt, 14 cases (0.8%)]. In addition, male gender, middle to old age, history of fight wounds, and feline immunodeficiency virus infection were shown to be risk factors for hemoplasma infection. Close attention must be paid to the acute onset of disease in feline practice because a prevalence of hemoplasma infection was detected even in clinically healthy cats.<br>

Journal

  • Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 72(12), 1575-1581, 2010

    JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000307689
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10796138
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    0916-7250
  • NDL Article ID
    10954255
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZR22(科学技術--農林水産--畜産)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-350
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NDL  J-STAGE 
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