三木清の読書論における濫読と精読:-次元の相違の議論との関連に着目して-  [in Japanese] Extensive Reading and Intensive Reading in the Articles on Reading Written by Kiyoshi MIKI::In Reference to the Discussion of the Difference of the Order  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿では三木清の読書論を精読志向と濫読志向の矛盾という観点から読み解こうとした.三木には精読の対象を知るために濫読が必要であるという論と,多読する対象をみる目を養うために精読が必要という逆の発言がある.また三木は古典志向であり,その限りでは当然精読の方に親和的になる.その反面,三木の古典志向は『パスカルにおける人間の研究』での次元の相違の議論や,その延長上にあるスタンダールの結晶作用に由来し,本来他のものが古典に選ばれる可能性があった点を強調しうる.その意味で,古典研究の際,精神のオートマティズムを避けるには古典の周囲に埋もれた作品を読む必要もあり,多読志向は古典を読む際にも必要とされるという議論も成り立つ.さらに三木は古典のみを読む研究者と現代社会を批評する評論家を対比させる際には,後者を現代においてものを作る人として評価する.精読対濫読,古典対現代物,ゆっくり読む対速読という対立項は三木の相互のテキストにおいて矛盾しがちであるが,これは戸坂潤の常識の二側面にも対応する.さらに『パスカルにおける人間の研究』の次元の相違の議論を,時間軸,空間軸それぞれの異質性へと展開するならば,いいかえると知識人が古典を精読することも現代物を濫読することも,知識人としての限界を越える営みと捉えるならば,これらの矛盾は一貫したものとして捉えうる点を,本稿は明らかにし,共通感覚の問題と読書論との繋がりを示した.

This paper wants to reexamine the articles on reading written by Kiyoshi MIKI and to resolve the contradiction between his recommendation for intensive reading and that for extensive reading. In his papers, there are two kinds of discourses that extensive reading is needed for finding out the objects for intensive reading and that intensive reading is needed for recognizing the objects for extensive reading. MIKI was fond of reading classical books, and his favorite books require intensive reading. But in his articles, MIKI argued that who reads classical books has to orient extensive reading, because, for avoiding mental automatism, he had to read works by anonymous authors so as to deeply appreciate classical books. This contradiction between his recommendation for intensive reading and that for extensive reading relates to his discussion of common sense, and that of three order of Blaise Pascal. Due to Pascal, MIKI insisted that the intelligentsia must move from the sphere where he lives to the sphere where he does not live and know. To go to chronically another sphere, the intelligentsia must read classical books intensively, and to go to spatially another sphere, he must read contemporary journalistic writings extensively. According to this interpretation, we can resolve the contradiction of MIKI.

Journal

  • Journal of Information and Media Studies

    Journal of Information and Media Studies 9(1), 1-14, 2010

    Japan Society for Information and Media Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130000328994
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11845126
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1348-5857
  • NDL Article ID
    11082085
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育) // ZM13(科学技術--科学技術一般--データ処理・計算機)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-K73
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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